Gerunds and Infinitive

آموزش

We use gerunds (verb + ing)

After certain verbs – I enjoy singing

After prepositions – I drank a cup of coffee before leaving

As the subject or object of a sentence – Swimming is good exercise

We use ‘to’ + infinitive:

After certain verbs – We decided to leave

After many adjectives – It’s difficult to get up early

– I came to London to study English

Verbs Followed by an Infinitive
She agreed to speak before the game.

agree
aim
appear
arrange
ask
attempt
be able
beg
begin
care
choose
condescend
consent
continue
dare
decide
deserve
detest
dislike
expect
fail
forget
get
happen
have
hesitate
hope
hurry
intend
leap
leave
like
long
love
mean
neglect
offer
ought
plan
prefer
prepare
proceed
promise
propose
refuse
remember
say
shoot
start
stop
strive
swear
threaten
try
use
wait
want
wish

Verbs Followed by a Gerund
They enjoyed working on the boat.

admit
advise
appreciate
avoid
can’t help
complete
consider
delay
deny
detest
dislike
enjoy
escape
excuse
finish
forbid
get through
have
imagine
mind
miss
permit
postpone
practice
quit
recall
report
resent
resist
resume
risk
spend (time)
suggest
tolerate
waste (time)

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آموزش
use to” grammar”

use to” grammar”Don’t feel bad if you mix up use to and used to now and again—it is not an uncommon mistake. Used to is a phrase that can mean “accustomed or habituated to” or refers to something from the past that is no longer true. Use to and used to are also frequently used in English grammar as modal verb phrases.

”Use” Followed by an Infinitive
Before we get into idiomatic meanings for the phrase used to, it is worth pointing out that both use and used can correctly appear before to when to is part of the infinitive of a second verb. That sounds far more complicated than it is, so let’s go straight to some examples.

What do you use to decorate cakes and cookies?
Buttercream icing was used to frost all of today’s cakes and cookies.

In these kinds of sentences, whether you decide to write use to or used to will depend on whether the present or past tense is needed.

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